|Chemical Names:||Ethanol; Ethyl alcohol; Alcohol; Methylcarbinol; Grain alcohol; Ethyl hydroxide More...|
|Molecular Formula:||CH3CH2OH or C2H6O|
|Drug Information:||Drug Indication Therapeutic Uses Clinical Trials FDA Orange Book FDA UNII|
|Safety Summary:||Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary (LCSS)|
Ethanol is a clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.from MeSHAlcohol is a volatile liquid prepared by fermentation of certain carbohydrates. Alcohol acts as a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, a diuretic, and a disinfectant. Although the exact mechanism of CNS depression is unknown, alcohol may act by inhibiting the opening of calcium channels, mediated by the binding of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) to GABA-A receptors, or through inhibitory actions at N-methyl-D-aspartate(NMDA)-type glutamate receptors. Alcohol inhibits the production of antidiuretic hormone, thereby producing diuresis that may lead to dehydration. This agent kills organisms by denaturing their proteins.